In the Middle Ages peasants and serfs broke for breakfast, lunch, afternoon nap, and dinner, as well as mid morning and afternoon breaks. Holidays took up a lot of time, Sabbath days, saints’ days, public feasts, rest days, festivals, weeks off for births, marriages, deaths — estimated one third of the year off for England. Nearly half the year off in Spain and France. The introduction of clocks in the 13th century linked to the increase in work hours.
“Without time to reflect, to live fully present in the moment and face what is transcendent about our lives, Hunnicutt says, we are doomed to live in purposeless and banal busyness. ‘Then we starve the capacity we have to love,’ he said. ‘It creates this ‘unquiet heart,’ as Saint Augustine said, that is ever desperate for fulfillment.'”
And this :
“Somewhere toward the end of the twentieth century, Burnett and other researchers contend, busyness became not just a way of life, but glamorous. Now, they say, it is a sign of high social status.”
The only conclusion: to survive this world, you must rebel.